Crop lead center

Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia.

The grains contain 25% protein, and several vitamins and minerals. The plant tolerates drought, performs well in a wide variety of soils, and being a legume replenishes low fertility soils when the roots are left to decay. It is grown mainly by small-scale farmers in developing regions where it is often cultivated with other crops as it tolerates shade. It also grows and covers the ground quickly, preventing erosion.

The name "cowpea" probably derives from when it was an important livestock feed for cows in the United States.

Biological information

Vigna unguiculata or cowpea is a self pollinating species belonging to the Fabaceae family. Its genome is diploid (2n=2x=22) with a genome size of 1C=620 Mbp.

SNP markers, EST sequences and BAC physical map are now available for cowpea.


photos: © IITA; Jeff Ehlers (UC Riverside)

Crop database

To obtain the Central Database for Cowpea(which provides
historical phenotyping data, germplasm information, trait
information, and some genotyping data), download the

Data curator: Sam Ofodile (IITA)



Molecular Markers










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