Crop lead center

Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop and is the dietary staple of more than 500 million people in more than 30 countries. It is grown on 42 m ha in 98 countries of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. Nigeria, India, USA, Mexico, Sudan, China and Argentina are the major producers. Other sorghum producing countries are Mauritania, Gambia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, Somalia and Yemen, Chad, Sudan, Tanzania and Mozambique.


Biological information

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. is a self pollinated species of the tribe Andropogoneae of the Poaceae family. Its genome is diploid (2n=2x=20) with a size of 1C=735 Mbp.

Due to its small genome size, sorghum is a model for tropical grasses of C4 metabolism type. Genome sequence is available on Phytozome.


photos: © ICRISAT; © N. Palmer - CIAT


Crop database

To obtain the Central Database for Sorghum (which provides historical phenotyping data, germplasm information, trait information, and some genotyping data), download the Breeding Management System.

Data curator:

  • Praveen Reddy Teegala
  • Ibrahima Sissoko [for Crop Ontology]


Molecular Resources for Sorghum Breeding



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