Genetic analysis of resistance to late leaf spot in interspecific groundnuts

Title 
Genetic analysis of resistance to late leaf spot in interspecific groundnuts 
Publication Type 
Journal Article 
Authors 
Pasupuleti J, Ramaiah V, Rathore A, Rupakula A, Reddy KR, Waliyar F, Nigam SN 
Year of Publication 
2013 
Volume 
193 
Journal 
Euphytica 
Issue 
Pagination 
13 - 25 
Date Published 
9/2013 
ISSN 
1573-5060 
Keywords 
Arachis hypogaea, foliar fungal disease, Groundnut, ICG 11337, ICG 13919, inheritance, JL 24, Late leaf spot, LLS, Maternal effect, Phaeoisariopsis personata, Resistance breeding 
URL 
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10681-013-0881-7 
DOI 
10.1007/s10681-013-0881-7 
Abstract 

Late leaf spot (LLS), caused by Phaeoisariopsis personata, is an important foliar fungal disease of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), which causes significant economic losses globally to the crop. Inheritance of resistance to LLS disease was studied in three crosses and their reciprocals involving two resistant interspecific derivatives and a susceptible cultivar to refine strategy for LLS resistance breeding. The traits associated with LLS resistance, measured both in the field and under controlled conditions were studied following generation mean analysis. Results suggested that resistance to LLS is controlled by a combination of both, nuclear and maternal gene effects. Among nuclear gene effects, additive effect controlled majority of the variation. In JL 24 × ICG 11337 cross and its reciprocal only additive effects were important, while in JL 24 × ICG 13919 cross and its reciprocal, both additive and dominance effects contributed to the variation. Among digenic epistatic effects, additive × dominance interactions were significant. Additive–maternal effects were significant in both the crosses, while dominance–maternal effects also contributed to the variation in the crosses between the parents, JL 24 and ICG 13919. Due to significant contribution of additive effects of both nuclear and maternal inheritance to resistance to LLS, the parent, ICG 11337 would be a good donor in breeding programs. It would be worthwhile to use the resistance donor as female parent to tap maternal effects of resistance to LLS. Disease score is the best selection criterion in the field for use in breeding programs because of its high heritability and ease in measurement

 
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