Physiological traits related to terminal drought resistance in common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Title 
Physiological traits related to terminal drought resistance in common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. 
Publication Type 
Journal Article 
Authors 
Rosales MA, Cuellar-Ortiz SM, de la Paz Arrieta-Montiel M, Acosta-Gallegos J, Covarrubias AA 
Year of Publication 
2012 
Volume 
93 
Journal 
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 
Issue 
Pagination 
324 - 331 
Date Published 
01/2013 
URL 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.5761/abstract 
Keywords 
Beans, common bean, Drought resistance, Phaseolus vulgaris, relative water content, stomatal conductance, water balance 
DOI 
10.1002/jsfa.5761 
Abstract 

BACKGROUND: A major problem in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) agriculture is the low yield due to terminal drought. Because common beans are grown over a broad variety of environments, the study of drought-resistant genotypes might be useful to identify distinctive or common mechanisms needed for survival and seed production under drought.

RESULTS: In this study the relationship between terminal drought resistance and some physiological parameters was analysed using cultivars contrasting in their drought response from two different gene pools. Trials were performed in three environments. As expected, drought treatments induced a decrease in leaf relative humidity and an increase in leaf temperature; however, when these parameters were compared between susceptible and resistant cultivars under optimal irrigation and drought, no significant differences were detected. Similar results were obtained for chlorophyll content. In contrast, analysis of relative water content (RWC) and stomatal conductance values showed reproducible significant differences between susceptible and resistant cultivars grown under optimal irrigation and drought across the different environments.

CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate that drought-resistant cultivars maximise carbon uptake and limit water loss upon drought by increasing stomatal closure during the day and attaining a higher RWC during the night as compared with susceptible cultivars, suggesting a water balance fine control to achieve enough yield under drought. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry

 

 
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